Frequently Asked Questions

  • Informs you of health equity issues and disparities in West Michigan.
  • Helps you better understand health equity as it relates to you.
  • Provides you with recommendations to address health equity issues.
  • Encourages you to be more active in your community.
  • Brings more attention to health equity issues to draw support and resources.

They are proven or desired actions to prevent, manage or treat an illness. These recommendations also include policies and programs that can hep you. See recommendations.

It is the practice of providing everyone, especially those with the fewest resources and greatest health disparities such as Blacks, with enough opportunities, resources and support to achieve optimal levels of health.

They are factors or conditions (e.g., where you live, your job status, your health insurance status) that affect your overall health. They are, usually, not directly related to your health. See GRAAHI's social determinants of health.

GRAAHI stands for the Grand Rapids African American Health Institute. It is a non-profit health organization focused on improving health equity for Blacks and other groups who need the most help. Visit GRAAHI's web site.

If national, state and county-level data were available for a health topic no later than 2010, that health topic was included in this Index.

  • An indicator was classified as a health outcome, if it is a chronic illness or condition that usually requires medical attention or treatment. It cannot be performed.
  • An indicator was classified as a health behavior, if it is a health action or practice that can be performed.
  • An indicator was classified as a social determinant of health, if it is a condition or circumstance that influences people’s health in more indirect ways. It is not directly health-related.

Data sources do not always capture data by race at the county level. In Kent County, Michigan, we found race/ethnicity data for roughly half of the indicators.  In Kent County, Michigan, we found race data for 26 of the 52 indicators.  See disparities.

In Kent County, Michigan, the numbers for Hispanics and Asians were (sometimes) too small to provide accurate rates. See disparities.

Our logic models are visual expressions of this Index and its concepts and indicators. See GRAAHI's logic models.